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Needs Assessment$
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David Royse, Michele Staton-Tindall, Karen Badger, and J. Matthew Webster

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195368789

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:royes/9780195368789.001.0001

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Selecting a Needs Assessment Design

Selecting a Needs Assessment Design

(p.40) 3 Selecting a Needs Assessment Design
Needs Assessment

David Royse

Michele Staton‐Tindall

Karen Badger

J. Matthew Webster

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a range of needs assessment data collection methods organized by intensity and scientific rigor based on a needs assessment team's time, resources, and expertise. The chapter illustrates that choosing the right design is important because it guides the overall approach and structures the questions to be addressed, the data to be collected, the data analysis, and the conclusions and interpretations can be drawn from the data in the final report. Examples of needs assessment designs are discussed including the review of existing and secondary data sources (such as agency records or the US census), impressionistic approaches like focus groups and community forums, and prospective data like surveys and interviews. The chapter explains these methods and provides guidance concerning the strengths and weaknesses of the various needs assessment approaches.

Keywords:   approach, surveys, focus groups, data collection, unobtrusive measures, sampling, resources

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