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Civil Action and the Dynamics of Violence$
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Deborah Avant, Marie Berry, Erica Chenoweth, Rachel Epstein, Cullen Hendrix, Oliver Kaplan, and Timothy Sisk

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190056896

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190056896.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 March 2021

The Colombian Private Sector in Colombia’s Transition to Peace

The Colombian Private Sector in Colombia’s Transition to Peace

(p.255) 10 The Colombian Private Sector in Colombia’s Transition to Peace
Civil Action and the Dynamics of Violence

Angelika Rettberg

Oxford University Press

During the Colombian civil war, businesses undertook both civil and uncivil actions, but the civil action of a “pro-peace coalition” was among the many factors moving the conflict toward its (uneasy) settlement in 2016. This chapter documents the civil action efforts of a pro-peace coalition, explores how support for these efforts changed over time—particularly in the last two attempts to negotiate peace, in Caguán (1998–2002) and in Havana, Cuba (2012–2016), and focuses on the motivations behind them. Contrary to simplistic analyses, it demonstrates that the profit motive alone cannot explain business strategies in contexts of conflict and peacebuilding. Contextual factors, the type of organization, and access to politics are important in understanding how business factions respond to armed conflict, including those participating in civil action within the “pro-peace coalition” and those aligning themselves with armed actors. The explanation of Colombian business strategies to address armed conflict holds lessons for understanding business-led civil action in other countries.

Keywords:   Colombia, armed conflict, peace process, negotiations, private sector, business associations

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