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Civil Action and the Dynamics of Violence$
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Deborah Avant, Marie Berry, Erica Chenoweth, Rachel Epstein, Cullen Hendrix, Oliver Kaplan, and Timothy Sisk

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190056896

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190056896.001.0001

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Civil Action and the Microdynamics of Violence during the Bosnian War

Civil Action and the Microdynamics of Violence during the Bosnian War

(p.178) 7 Civil Action and the Microdynamics of Violence during the Bosnian War
Civil Action and the Dynamics of Violence

Marie E. Berry

Oxford University Press

The war Bosnia and Herzegovina, between 1992 and 1995, was characterized by vastly different levels of violence across the country. The chapter examines the way in which civil action shaped the course, severity, and effects of the violence in three Bosnian cities: Tuzla, Sarajevo, and Prijedor. These cities roughly experienced low, moderate, and high levels of violence respectively, proportionate to their population size. It argues that civilians, local political elites, and religious institutions played critical roles in carving out civil spaces in the midst of violence, dampening local levels of violence and, in some cases, contributing to the resolution of the broader conflict. The varied levels of violence across the three cases help to illustrate the conditions under which such civil action is possible, underscoring both the potential and the limitations of civil action to counter armed conflict.

Keywords:   Civil action, Bosnian War, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Tuzla, Sarajevo, Prijedor, anti-violence, civil spaces, armed conflict

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