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The Virtues of ViolenceDemocracy Against Disintegration in Modern France$
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Kevin Duong

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190058418

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190058418.001.0001

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Democracy Is a Social Revolution

(p.162) Conclusion
The Virtues of Violence

Kevin Duong

Oxford University Press

This conclusion reviews the importance of studying redemptive violence in nineteenth century France in light of the political history of the twentieth century. It argues that, despite the increased intensity of violence in the twentieth century, a study of redemptive violence in the nineteenth century is still important for us today. That is because it emphasizes that all democratic revolutions are social revolutions. All democratic revolutions pose the problem of reconstructing democratic social bonds. Redemptive violence’s history underscores that fraternité was always as important as liberty and equality in the French tradition. Critics of fraternité today ignore the importance of democratic solidarity at their peril.

Keywords:   political violence, democracy, revolution, France, fraternity, solidarity, republicanism, French republicanism

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