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Heresy, Forgery, NoveltyCondemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism$
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Jonathan Klawans

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190062507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190062507.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 January 2021

Heresies, Forgeries, Novelties

Heresies, Forgeries, Novelties

(p.1) 1 Heresies, Forgeries, Novelties
Heresy, Forgery, Novelty

Jonathan Klawans

Oxford University Press

The fundamental goal of this chapter is to present the dynamic to be explored in this book, relating heresy, forgery, and novelty. In its first sections, this chapter probes the contestability of religious novelty and the roles that condemnations of novelty played in Christian heresiological discourse. Then the chapter examines and also chips away at the various perspectives and biases that have prevented exploring the Jewish origins of Christian heresiology. The chapter next considers the extent to which second temple period Jewish writers went to conceal innovations, often by deceitfully disguising recent writings as much more ancient ones. The threads tie together with a restatement of the key dynamic at play: Heresy involves the condemnation of novelty; forgery entails the feigning of antiquity. Novelty ensues with the valorization of innovation, which can harden into supersessionism—the inverse of heresy.

Keywords:   Aristeas, canon, forgery, heresy, innovation, Marcion, prophecy, pseudepigraphy, scripture, Tertullian

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