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Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States$
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Manuel Vogt

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190065874

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190065874.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2020

A Theory of Ethnic Cleavages, Group Mobilization, and Conflict in Multiethnic States

A Theory of Ethnic Cleavages, Group Mobilization, and Conflict in Multiethnic States

(p.22) 2 A Theory of Ethnic Cleavages, Group Mobilization, and Conflict in Multiethnic States
Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States

Manuel Vogt

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that the consequences of ethnic group mobilization depend on countries’ ethnic cleavage types. It introduces two ideal types of multiethnic societies: segmented unranked and stratified societies. The chapter traces the origins of these cleavage types back to the legacies of European overseas colonialism. It explains why the colonial settler states and the decolonized states constitute archetypical cases of stratified and segmented unranked societies, respectively. It then theorizes how these ethnic cleavage types affect the prevalence of different forms of conflict in multiethnic states today. In stratified societies, stable between-group hierarchies and a high degree of social integration deprive the marginalized groups of the capacity for armed rebellion and make the relative opportunity structure more conducive to peaceful direct action than to violence. In contrast, unstable group hierarchies and high social segmentation stimulate the capacity for violence and increase the relative opportunities for armed revolt compared to nonviolent strategies.

Keywords:   ethnic movement, civil conflict, nonviolent conflict, group mobilization, colonialism, race, rebellion, cleavage, inequality, opportunity structure

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