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Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States$
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Manuel Vogt

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190065874

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190065874.001.0001

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The Logic of Nonviolent Ethnic Movements

The Logic of Nonviolent Ethnic Movements

Mobilization, Contention, and Political Empowerment in Latin America

(p.140) 7 The Logic of Nonviolent Ethnic Movements
Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States

Manuel Vogt

Oxford University Press

Focusing on Latin America, this chapter examines the consequences of ethnic mobilization in the colonial settler states. It draws on a novel data set on ethnic organizations covering all Latin American states from 1946 to 2009. The statistical analyses reveal that indigenous and African-descendant groups that are represented by ethnic organizations have a higher chance of inclusion in executive state power at either the national or regional level than groups without such organizational representatives. Yet this effect depends on the level of democratic freedom. In addition, the results confirm that ethnic organizations in these states also foment peaceful ethnopolitical contention, in the form of collective protest. Thus, in stratified societies, ethnic organizations assume an emancipatory function, promoting the empowerment of the historically subordinated groups, while promoting nonviolent contentious action.

Keywords:   Nonviolent conflict, collective protest, ethnic organization, civil society, inclusion, group mobilization, democracy, Latin America, indigenous group

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