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Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States$
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Manuel Vogt

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190065874

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190065874.001.0001

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The Power and Limits of Nonviolent Ethnic Movements

The Power and Limits of Nonviolent Ethnic Movements

Evidence from Guatemala and Ecuador

(p.156) 8 The Power and Limits of Nonviolent Ethnic Movements
Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States

Manuel Vogt

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes the impact of, and obstacles to, ethnic mobilization in Guatemala and Ecuador. Using evidence from in-depth interviews with leaders of ethnic organizations, state officials, political party leaders, and other elite individuals, it sheds light on the causal path between ethnic group mobilization, inclusion, and contention in the stratified societies of Latin America’s colonial settler states. Specifically, the within-country comparison of Afro-Ecuadorian and indigenous mobilization in Ecuador demonstrates the importance of autonomous ethnic organizations for the prospects of marginalized groups’ political empowerment. Their infrastructural power facilitates the aggregation of the interests of discriminated individuals into ethnopolitical movements and enables groups to carry out large-scale popular protests. However, the evidence from the Guatemalan case also uncovers the strategies employed by state elites from the dominant ethnoclass to block fundamental change and maintain the status quo.

Keywords:   nonviolent conflict, collective protest, ethnic organization, civil society, inclusion, group mobilization, elite interview, field research, Guatemala, Ecuador

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