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Modern Control Theory and the Limits of Criminal Justice$
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Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190069797

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190069797.001.0001

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Self Control, Social Control, Morality, and Opportunity in a Choice Theory of Crime

Self Control, Social Control, Morality, and Opportunity in a Choice Theory of Crime

Chapter:
(p.112) Chapter 6 Self Control, Social Control, Morality, and Opportunity in a Choice Theory of Crime
Source:
Modern Control Theory and the Limits of Criminal Justice
Author(s):

Michael Gottfredson

Travis Hirschi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190069797.003.0006

Control theory is consistent with the notion of situational crime prevention and many of the ideas that support it. This chapter discusses several contemporary issues in control theory, including the connection between self-control theory and social control theory, the connection between morality and crime, and the role and conception of the opportunity or situational factors in a choice theory of crime causation. It is concluded that self and social control are the same theory operating under common logic, assumptions, and terms. Efforts to show them as competing are misguided. How situational causes are integrated into control theory and the connections among belief, morality, and self control are explored.

Keywords:   opportunity and crime, choice theory, self control, social control, belief and crime, morality and crime, morality

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