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Crafting Masculine SelvesCulture, War, and Psychodynamics in Afghanistan$
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Andrea Chiovenda

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190073558

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190073558.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 March 2021



Shifting Subjectivities and the Crafting of a Private Masculinity

(p.52) 2 Rohullah
Crafting Masculine Selves

Andrea Chiovenda

Oxford University Press

The chapter introduces the first of the main four informants that will be discussed in detail in the book. Rohullah was born and raised in Kabul and had to relocate, while still a child, to a small provincial town due to the civil war raging in the country. There, his performance of masculinity was considered inadequate by his peers, and he had to learn the hard way how to reshape himself as a worthy and culturally appropriate masculine man, in order to avoid being violently bullied. His story is about the creation, and pragmatic utilization, of multiple subjectivities (or “selves”), complementary and not necessary antagonistic to each other. The chapter will provide evidence of how these multiple subjectivities stand in dissociated spaces in relation to each other, and still unconsciously in communication with each other. Rohullah makes successful use of this unconscious dialogue to shift from a condition of subordinated and discriminated masculinity to one of hegemonic masculinity, necessary to survive socially and physically in a punishing environment.

Keywords:   Afghanistan, Pashtun, war, multiple subjectivities, multiple selves, dissociation, hegemonic masculinity, subordinated masculinity, violence, deviance

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