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Short Circuiting PolicyInterest Groups and the Battle Over Clean Energy and Climate Policy in the American States$
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Leah Cardamore Stokes

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190074258

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190074258.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 09 December 2021

A Direct Line to Legislators and Regulators

A Direct Line to Legislators and Regulators

Fossil Fuel Corporations Undermine Texas’s Solar Energy Law

(p.125) 5 A Direct Line to Legislators and Regulators
Short Circuiting Policy

Leah Cardamore Stokes

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 concludes the Texas story. Over time, fossil fuel companies and industrial energy consumers came to oppose Texas’s renewable energy policies. Given their political influence over both politicians and regulators, these opponents were able to block reforms from passing in the legislature or being implemented by regulatory bodies. These opponents were successful because they had a direct link to the legislature, with a fossil fuel industry lobbyist reportedly working from a desk in a key senator’s office. This chapter shows how opponents can also use the fog of enactment strategically to resist policy during implementation and how opponent interest groups with sufficient influence can directly undermine policy, even if advocates have previously succeeded in winning policy conflict and initiating positive feedback.

Keywords:   Texas energy policy, solar energy policy, renewable portfolio standard, energy policy, energy politics, legislative capture

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