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Short Circuiting PolicyInterest Groups and the Battle Over Clean Energy and Climate Policy in the American States$
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Leah Cardamore Stokes

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190074258

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190074258.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 09 December 2021

When the Fog of Enactment Lifts

When the Fog of Enactment Lifts

Utilities Drive Rapid Retrenchment of Ohio’s Renewable Energy Laws

(p.194) 8 When the Fog of Enactment Lifts
Short Circuiting Policy

Leah Cardamore Stokes

Oxford University Press

Chapter 8 examines how networked interest groups can learn about policies in other states and use this information to swiftly drive retrenchment. Ohio was one of the last states to enact a renewable energy target. For this reason, electric utilities understood more quickly that the policy would undermine the financial viability of their existing fossil fuel assets. The American Legislative Exchange Council, which has prominent electric utility and fossil fuel companies as members, played an important role in Ohio, putting retrenching clean energy “mandates” on the agenda. In 2019, the utilities finally succeeded in repealing the state’s efficiency and renewable standards, replacing them with a bailout for coal plants. In this case, one can see how policy feedback can fail when opponents networked across the states learn from earlier policies’ implementation and weaken the policy before it is able to generate lock-in.

Keywords:   American Legislative Exchange Council, FirstEnergy, American Electric Power, renewable portfolio standard, Ohio energy policy, energy politics, climate policy, energy policy, climate politics

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