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In the Path of ConquestResistance to Alexander the Great$
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Waldemar Heckel

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190076689

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190076689.001.0001

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From the Hindu Kush to the Indus

From the Hindu Kush to the Indus

(p.221) 13 From the Hindu Kush to the Indus
In the Path of Conquest

Waldemar Heckel

Oxford University Press

Having settled affairs in Bactria and Sogdiana, Alexander recrossed the Hindu Kush and began his march to the Indus River, subduing as he went the satrapy of Gandhāra. Perdiccas and Hephaestion were sent ahead to bridge the Indus and accept the submission of Taxiles, who lived beyond the river. Taxiles, however, preferred to meet the king in person at Nicaea in Gandhāra. The campaign proved difficult, since the various tribes—the Aspasians, Assacenians, and Guraeans—withdrew into their mountain fastnesses and forced the Macedonians to conduct sieges of their major towns. One final attempt at resistance at Aornus, which was situated by the banks of the Indus, failed, and its capture enhanced Alexander’s reputation for invincibility.

Keywords:   Gandhāra, Hindu Kush, Khyber Pass, Indus, Taxiles, Aornus, Cleophis, Kunar River, Choaspes, Guraeus

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