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Changing Trends in China's Inequality – Evidence, Analysis, and Prospects - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Changing Trends in China's Inequality: Evidence, Analysis, and Prospects

Terry Sicular, Shi Li, Ximing Yue, and Hiroshi Sato


This work provides a new, comprehensive, and empirically grounded study of household incomes in China that critically examines the long-term rise and recent apparent decline in inequality. It covers incomes and inequality nationwide as well as separately in the urban and rural sectors, with close attention to measurement issues and to underlying changes in the economy, institutions, and public policy. The chapters examine a range of related topics, including the inequality of wealth, the emergence of a new middle class, the income gap between the Han and the ethnic minorities, the gender wage ... More

Keywords: China, inequality, income distribution, Gini coefficient, poverty, wealth, wages, consumption, middle class, public policy

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780190077938
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190077938.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Terry Sicular, editor
Professor of Economics, University of Western Ontario

Shi Li, editor
Professor of Economics, Beijing Normal University

Ximing Yue, editor
Professor of Economics, Renmin University of China

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1 Changing Trends in China’s Inequality

Terry Sicular, Shi Li, Ximing Yue, and Hiroshi Sato

2 Overview

Chuliang Luo, Terry Sicular, and Shi Li

3 China’s Emerging Global Middle Class

Björn Gustafsson, Terry Sicular, and Xiuna Yang

4 The Increasing Inequality of Wealth in China

John Knight, Shi Li, and Haiyuan Wan

5 Social Policy Reforms and Economic Distances in China

Qin Gao, Sui Yang, Fuhua Zhai, and Yake Wang

7 New Patterns in China’s Rural Poverty

Shi Li, Peng Zhan, and Yangyang Shen

8 Unequal Growth

Björn Gustafsson and Sai Ding

9 Consumption Inequality in Urban China

Qingjie Xia, Shi Li, and Lina Song

11 China’s Urban Gender Wage Gap

Jin Song, Terry Sicular, and Björn Gustafsson

End Matter