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Nominal Arguments and Language Variation$
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Li Julie Jiang

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190084165

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190084165.001.0001

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Implications on Nominal Argument Formation in General

Implications on Nominal Argument Formation in General

Language Universals, Variation, and Typology of Nominal Arguments

Chapter:
(p.306) Chapter 6 Implications on Nominal Argument Formation in General
Source:
Nominal Arguments and Language Variation
Author(s):

Li Julie Jiang

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190084165.003.0006

Chapter 6 discusses the relationship between argument formation in classifier languages and argument formation more generally. It begins with a discussion on the variable and uniform properties concerning nominal arguments in NMLs and shows that their variation can be captured by two of the parameters in classifier languages proposed in Chapter 5. It further shows that the variation in whether nouns are coded as kinds or properties can differentiate classifier languages from NMLs. It then discusses languages, which have neither a general classifier system (unlike Mandarin or Nuosu Yi) nor obligatory singular/plural marking on nouns (unlike English or Hindi). Building on previous analyses, this chapter analyzes Yudja as a language with a silent Cl and Lhasa Tibetan a language with a silent Div. This chapter allows us to further update the variation and typology of nominal argument formation and to predict more types of languages.

Keywords:   number marking languages, English, French, Italian, Hindi, classifier languages, Yudja, Lhasa Tibetan, silent classifiers, silent number morphology

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