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The Common School AwakeningReligion and the Transatlantic Roots of American Public Education$
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David Komline

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190085155

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190085155.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 September 2021



(p.1) Introduction
The Common School Awakening

David Komline

Oxford University Press

This chapter uses as a case study an incident from 1824 in which the New York Tract Society convinced John Van Ness Yates, New York’s acting superintendent of common schools, to encourage the use of its literature in schools under his oversight. This incident highlights the significance of growing educational bureaucracy in this era and how it might be used for distinctly religious aims. This educational bureaucracy emerged as part of what this book calls the “Common School Awakening,” a transatlantic, transdenominational movement that introduced systematized, professionalized schools to America in the first half of the nineteenth century. Previous historical scholarship on education in this era, notably the very different work of Ellwood Cubberley and Michael Katz, has ignored the strongly religious roots of the movement for common schools that has found its representative figure in the person of Horace Mann.

Keywords:   Ellwood Cubberley, John Van Ness Yates, Michael Katz, revisionist, historiography, system, professional, school, education, religion

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