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The Common School AwakeningReligion and the Transatlantic Roots of American Public Education$
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David Komline

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190085155

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190085155.001.0001

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Early Attempts at Revival in Massachusetts

Early Attempts at Revival in Massachusetts

(p.83) 3 Early Attempts at Revival in Massachusetts
The Common School Awakening

David Komline

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on schooling in Massachusetts between the Revolution and the reforms commonly associated with Horace Mann and the Common School Awakening. After surveying the legislative history, especially focusing on laws passed in 1789 and 1827, it looks at two specific efforts to reform education in the 1820s. The first involved Lancasterian schools. After William Bentley Fowle’s success in launching a monitorial school in Boston, Josiah Quincy, the city’s mayor, attempted to implement this method on a broader scale. The second reform examined is James Carter’s campaign to found a state-sponsored teacher training college. Both of these efforts at reform failed. Notably, these campaigns lacked strong religious components. This chapter thus serves as a negative example, a foil that throws into relief the religious appeals treated in other chapters.

Keywords:   Massachusetts, Lancasterianism, Boston, monitorial school, William Bentley Fowle, Josiah Quincy, High-School for Girls, Ebenezer Bailey, James Carter, Henry Dwight

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