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The Common School AwakeningReligion and the Transatlantic Roots of American Public Education$
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David Komline

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190085155

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190085155.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 July 2021

The Common School Awakening in Ohio

The Common School Awakening in Ohio

(p.167) 6 The Common School Awakening in Ohio
The Common School Awakening

David Komline

Oxford University Press

This chapter narrates the key developments in the movement to systematize and professionalize Ohio’s schools, which culminated in 1837 with the creation of the office of the superintendent of common schools. In many ways, Ohio resembled Massachusetts: religious reformers pointed to the example of Prussia in a successful campaign to introduce legislative change. In other respects, however, the case of Ohio differed. One important contrast between the course of the Common School Awakening in the two states involves the scope of the legislative victories achieved in each. In Massachusetts, the board of education and state-sponsored normal schools that came into existence in the 1830s continued largely unchanged for decades. In Ohio, however, the awakening did not result in a state-sponsored normal school and the superintendent office that it created passed out of existence when its first occupant resigned.

Keywords:   Ohio, Calvin Stowe, Lyman Beecher, Joshua Lacy Wilson, Thomas Gallaudet, College of Teachers, superintendent of common schools, Samuel Lewis, Prussia, Cincinnati

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