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Welfare for AutocratsHow Social Assistance in China Cares for its Rulers$
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Jennifer Pan

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190087425

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190087425.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 January 2022

Fixating on Political Order

Fixating on Political Order

(p.30) 2 Fixating on Political Order
Welfare for Autocrats

Jennifer Pan

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides background on the origins and evolution of Dibao, as well as basic information on the Dibao program and Dibao in the context of China’s other social welfare policies. The chapter traces the evolution of Dibao and illustrates its changing relationship with political order. Dibao originated as a solution to the problem of urban poverty, which the Chinese regime saw as motivating protest and unrest during economic liberalization. However, as the nature of social mobilization changed, so too did China’s conceptualization of political order and its strategy to pursue it. Instead of a means to achieve modernization, political order became an end in itself. The Dibao program evolved into a tool for controlling specific individuals deemed to pose a future threat to the Chinese regime.

Keywords:   China, political order, stability maintenance, Dibao, pension, means-tested, protest, state-owned enterprise (SOE), Falun Gong, comprehensive management of public security (CPMS)

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