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Welfare for AutocratsHow Social Assistance in China Cares for its Rulers$
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Jennifer Pan

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190087425

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190087425.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

Reacting at the Threat of Disorder

Reacting at the Threat of Disorder

(p.57) 3 Reacting at the Threat of Disorder
Welfare for Autocrats

Jennifer Pan

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes an online field experiment conducted across 2,103 Chinese counties that establishes a causal linkage between the threat of disorder and government action in terms of responsiveness to Dibao applicants. Even extremely mild threats of collective action (social instability) prompted higher levels of government responsiveness to Dibao applicants than appeals based solely on economic hardship. The chapter shows how Dibao provision is not only shaped by economic considerations and suggests that individuals who are impoverished but capable of work may also be prioritized for Dibao.

Keywords:   China, field experiment, online experiment, causality, collective action, stability, Dibao, government responsiveness

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