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The Brussels Effect – How the European Union Rules the World - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Brussels Effect: How the European Union Rules the World

Anu Bradford


The Brussels Effect challenges the prevalent view that the European Union (EU) is a declining world power. It argues that notwithstanding its many obvious challenges, the EU remains an influential superpower that shapes the world in its image through a phenomenon called the “Brussels Effect.” The Brussels Effect refers to the EU’s unilateral power to regulate global markets. Without the need to resort to international institutions or seek other nations’ cooperation, the EU has the unique ability among nations today to promulgate regulations that shape the global business environment, elevating ... More

Keywords: the Brussels Effect, EU’s global influence, regulatory power, regulatory globalization, regulatory competition, race to the top, regulatory hegemon, market-driven globalization, unilateral globalization

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780190088583
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190088583.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Anu Bradford, author
Henry L. Moses Professor of Law and International Organizations; Director of the European Legal Studies Center, Columbia University Law School