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Constitutional OrphanGender Equality and the Nineteenth Amendment$
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Paula A. Monopoli

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190092795

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190092795.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2021



(p.1) Introduction
(p.iii) Constitutional Orphan

Paula A. Monopoli

Oxford University Press

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

—U.S. Const. amend. XIX

On August 26, 1920, these words became part of the United States Constitution as its Nineteenth Amendment. The requisite thirty-six states had ratified the amendment in the year since its enactment by Congress on June 4, 1919. A revolution in women’s rights, spanning over seventy years, came to a quiet conclusion as Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby signed the measure into law in the privacy of his home at eight o’clock in the morning....

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