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The Changing Energy MixA Systematic Comparison of Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy$
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Paul F. Meier

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190098391

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190098391.001.0001

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A Renewable or Nonrenewable Energy Type

(p.403) 11 Hydrogen
The Changing Energy Mix

Paul F. Meier

Oxford University Press

In an effort to reduce the amount of crude oil used in the United States, a government program was started in 2002 to examine the use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel. In this application, hydrogen is used in a fuel cell vehicle to produce electricity. This allows a vehicle to enjoy the higher energy efficiency of a battery versus a gasoline-powered vehicle, while avoiding the frequent and long charging times needed for an electric vehicle. There are currently other applications for hydrogen in the United States and the world, primarily in refineries and the manufacture of ammonia. Unlike fossil fuels, such as coal, natural gas, and crude oil, there are no natural sources of hydrogen gas. There are several options for producing hydrogen, such as reforming natural gas or gasifying coal or biomass. Alternatively, a renewable energy source, such as wind or solar, could be used to produce hydrogen via water electrolysis.

Keywords:   fuel cell vehicle, electric vehicle, reforming, gasification, electrolysis, distributed, central, onboard storage

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