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The Changing Energy MixA Systematic Comparison of Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy$
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Paul F. Meier

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190098391

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190098391.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 December 2021

Natural Gas

Natural Gas

A Nonrenewable Energy Type

(p.51) 2 Natural Gas
The Changing Energy Mix

Paul F. Meier

Oxford University Press

Natural gas, which is primarily methane, is used in the electric power industry, various industrial applications, residential heating, and, to a small extent, as a transportation fuel. In terms of electricity generation for the United States, natural gas is responsible for about 35%, a large growth from only 15% twenty years earlier. In 2015 natural gas overtook coal and is now the primary energy for producing electricity. It is a relatively clean burning energy type and, compared to coal and petroleum crude oil, it contains small amounts of sulfur and nitrogen and no heavy metals such as selenium, mercury, and cadmium. To support the use of natural gas to generate electricity, the United States has about 1,800 plants with close to 6,000 generators and 1.6 million miles of pipelines.

Keywords:   methane, gas processing plant, combustion, combined cycle, hydraulic fracking, pipeline, carbon dioxide production, carbon capture and sequestration, fugitive emission

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