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Dhaka's Changing LandscapeProspects for Economic Development, Social Change, and Shared Prosperity$
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Rita Afsar and Mahabub Hossain

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190121112

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190121112.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

Migration and Rural−Urban Connectivity

Migration and Rural−Urban Connectivity

The Need for Reconstructing New Theoretical Approaches

(p.69) 3 Migration and Rural−Urban Connectivity
Dhaka's Changing Landscape

Rita Afsar

Mahabub Hossain

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 provides a comprehensive analysis of migration, poverty, space, and development nexus, which is necessary for a balanced, sustainable, inclusive development policy. It answers the contextual issues related to the question: is the poorer segment of the urban population that migrates with dreams for better lives and livelihoods benefitting from positive economic trends? Given the declining trends in poverty, which is estimated in this chapter using the 2010 HIES data and the improved level of physical and social infrastructure development at migrants’ birthplaces from the survey data, the importance of this analysis becomes clear. These broader contexts are then linked with household decision-making processes and migrants’ agency. Going beyond the push−pull debate, the book recasts migration theories by considering migrants’ intrinsic qualities—their self-confidence, hopes, aspirations, and resilience. It also takes into account differential gender roles, asymmetric social and gender relations, and migrants’ gendered backgrounds, while providing causal explanation for migration.

Keywords:   migration, push–pull, economic growth, wage differential, social networks, rural–urban linkages, hope, resilience and aspiration framework, vulnerability framework, infrastructure, district-based poverty

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