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Dhaka's Changing LandscapeProspects for Economic Development, Social Change, and Shared Prosperity$
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Rita Afsar and Mahabub Hossain

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190121112

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190121112.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

Dynamics of Livelihoods, Income, and Poverty

Dynamics of Livelihoods, Income, and Poverty

Scope for Shared Prosperity

(p.146) 5 Dynamics of Livelihoods, Income, and Poverty
Dhaka's Changing Landscape

Rita Afsar

Mahabub Hossain

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 presents a systematic analysis of urban poverty by examining changes in the human-capital composition of the labour force, in the livelihoods of the respondents, and the level and composition of income for different occupational groups. It also identifies the determinants of household income with the help of a multivariate regression model, using the household-level data. Alongside, it examines the distribution of income over time, changes in the degree of inequality, and estimates the contribution of different sources of income to the income inequality with the help of the Gini decomposition analysis. It shows notable reduction in the incidence of moderate and extreme poverty in 2010. Also, it estimates changes in the incidence, intensity, and severity of poverty, identifying the correlates of poverty for Dhaka city in order to answer the question: is the poorer segment of the urban population benefitting from positive economic trends?

Keywords:   employment, physical capital, structural changes, productivity, income growth, inequality, poverty, cost of living, extreme poor, wage gap

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