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Entropy Law, Sustainability, and Third Industrial Revolution$
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Ramprasad Sengupta

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190121143

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190121143.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

Indicators of Social Sustainability

Indicators of Social Sustainability

Poverty, Inequality, and Social Tension

(p.42) 2 Indicators of Social Sustainability
Entropy Law, Sustainability, and Third Industrial Revolution

Ramprasad Sengupta

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 focuses on the indicators of social sustainability basing alternatively on absolute or relative deprivation of people’s opportunities of consumption, or on the extent of attainment of human capability, enabling people to access a decent life. It has traced the relationship between deprivation—in both absolute and relative sense—and social tension conceived as social welfare loss according to some social welfare function, which underlies any indicator of development. After reviewing briefly the comparative state of inequality-adjusted level of development across developing countries, the chapter focussed on the analysis of the state of poverty, inequality, and measure of social tension (based on poverty gap or Gini coefficient) for the rural and urban sectors separately using the Indian state-level data to assess the state of social sustainability of the Indian economic system.

Keywords:   social sustainability, poverty, inequality, inequality adjusted income, Gini coefficient, poverty gap, poverty severity, social tension, rural–urban states of sustainability

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