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American Exceptionalism in Crime and Punishment$
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Kevin R. Reitz

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190203542

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190203542.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 October 2021

American Exceptionalism in Parole Release and Supervision

American Exceptionalism in Parole Release and Supervision

A European Perspective

Chapter:
(p.410) 10 American Exceptionalism in Parole Release and Supervision
Source:
American Exceptionalism in Crime and Punishment
Author(s):

Dirk van Zyl Smit

Alessandro Corda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190203542.003.0011

This chapter focuses on American exceptionalism in parole release and supervision. It first establishes a clear understanding of what is meant by granting parole and parole supervision in the United States and Europe within the respective sentencing schemes and then gives a comparative statistical picture. The chapter then considers the history of parole on both sides of the Atlantic, before examining and comparing current policies in the United States and Europe in more detail. The principal finding is that European parole, unlike its American counterparts, is dominated by a discourse that stresses and highlights human dignity and procedural justice rather than public safety. In the American discourse, by contrast, there is less emphasis on the rights of parolees. Parole decision-making and supervision are mainly shaped by risk aversion. To conclude, this chapter reflects on whether European ideals for parole may take root in the United States.

Keywords:   parole release, parole, parole supervision, United States, Europe, sentencing scheme, history of parole, European parole, American parole

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