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American Exceptionalism in Crime and Punishment$
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Kevin R. Reitz

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190203542

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190203542.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 October 2021

Collateral Sanctions and American Exceptionalism

Collateral Sanctions and American Exceptionalism

A Comparative Perspective

(p.487) 11 Collateral Sanctions and American Exceptionalism
American Exceptionalism in Crime and Punishment

Nora V. Demleitner

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a comparative analysis of collateral sanctions, which encompass a broad array of restrictions that befall offenders in addition to their sentence during the time they are under a criminal justice sanction and often well beyond. Differences between European countries and the United States with respect to the imposition, the number, the types, and the length of collateral sanctions reflect strikingly dissimilar philosophies about how to treat those with a criminal record. The European model prioritizes reintegration and rehabilitation while the United States continues to exclude and penalize those who ran afoul of the law. On both sides of the Atlantic, however, offenders considered at a high risk of reoffending have increasingly been subjected to collateral sanctions.

Keywords:   collateral sanction, United States, Europe, noncitizen offender, sex offender, criminal conviction, history of collateral sanctions, employment restrictions, Ban the Box, disenfranchisement, restoration of rights, expungement, drug offenders

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