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DDT WarsRescuing Our National Bird, Preventing Cancer, and Creating EDF$
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Charles F. Wurster

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190219413

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190219413.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 June 2021

EDF Diversifies into New Environmental Arenas

EDF Diversifies into New Environmental Arenas

6 (p.87) EDF Diversifies into New Environmental Arenas
DDT Wars

Charles F. Wurster

Oxford University Press

Environmental law was essentially nonexistent in 1969, and it was a major goal of EDF to establish, enhance, develop, and use this new strategy for solving environmental problems, not just involving DDT but other issues as well. It wasn’t long after incorporation before EDF was getting much publicity because of its actions, leading to numerous requests for advice and assistance in connection with a variety of environmental problems, along with invitations to become involved in an assortment of issues. Whatever it was or wasn’t, EDF certainly was not all talk and no action. There was clearly plenty of action, which attracted plenty of attention. Conservationists were tired of losing by being reasonable, compromising, and timid. Earth Day was about to arrive, and it was time for action. We also were learning that being a “fund” caused a few problems of its own. Some thought it might be a source of funds for them. A few wondered if we were some sort of mutual fund, so Bob Smolker suggested we sell shares in our fund, which would “pay” negative dividends. His Mystique Committee had many original ideas. For the Long Island trustees and small staff, there was little risk in becoming involved in new cases. We had little money to spend or lose, we had an apparently good idea to pursue for environmental protection, and if somebody sent plane fare, we were on our way. So it was with Clancy Gordon of Missoula, Montana. In fact, he came to us only a few months after EDF’s incorporation. It was “Leap Day,” February 29, 1968, when about 100 women of Missoula gathered at the gates of the Hoerner-Waldorf pulp mill west of town to protest Missoula’s “stinky air.” Sometimes the air was so smoggy that planes could not land, and cars turned on their lights in mid-day. “GASP” read one of the picketer’s signs, “Gals Against Smoke and Pollution.” Other signs said “Phew!,” “Bad Sky Country,” “Our Air Stinks,” “How High is the Big Sky,” “Where’s the Airport?,” and “O, Say Can You See.”

Keywords:   Cache River, Earthjustice, Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), Florissant Fossil Beds, Friends of the Earth, International Whaling Commission, NRDC, Ohio River, economics, energy policies, flood plain management, price elasticity

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