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From Baksheesh to BriberyUnderstanding the Global Fight Against Corruption and Graft$
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T. Markus Funk and Andrew S. Boutros

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190232399

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190232399.001.0001

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(p.279) 11 Indonesia
From Baksheesh to Bribery

Andrew Boutros

Oxford University Press

Indonesia continues to make steady progress strengthening its anti-corruption framework, adopting new anti-corruption laws, and prosecuting those who run afoul of them. At the same time, the level of corruption remains significant, as demonstrated by continued examples of public corruption including the high-profile eKTP case that has implicated at least 37 senior public officials for stealing hundreds of millions of U.S. dollars in public funds. Indonesia has a solid framework of anti-corruption laws, and recently added a focus on corporate criminal liability to its toolkit. Indonesia’s Corruption Eradication Commission (Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi or KPK) is a bright spot of independence, professionalism, and progress for enforcing anti-corruption laws and holding corrupt judges, cabinet ministers, high ranking police officers, governors, legislators, and politicians accountable. Independent anti-corruption courts, and a skilled and well-functioning financial intelligence unit (the PPATK), are also key institutions in the ongoing battle to weed out historical and institutionalized corruption, graft, and cronyism. Indonesia’s current Reformasi era is still less than 20 years old, and as much as great progress has been made, it will take significant continued political will to combat wealthy and influential forces that continue to benefit from corruption and who will seek to undermine reform. Indonesia’s current president, Joko “Jokowi” Widodo, was elected in 2014 on a platform of reform and clean government, and the results of his upcoming re-election bid in 2019 may be a significant indicator of whether the progress made under his leadership will continue, or whether anti-corruption institutions and efforts in Indonesia will falter.

Keywords:   Indonesia, Corruption Eradication Commission, KPK, PPATK, Reformasi, Jokowi, eKTP, Soekarno, Soeharto, KUHAP

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