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Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention$
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Michael Thun, Martha S. Linet, James R. Cerhan, Christopher A. Haiman, and David Schottenfeld

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190238667

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190238667.001.0001

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Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviors, and Risk of Cancer

Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviors, and Risk of Cancer

Chapter:
(p.377) 21 Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviors, and Risk of Cancer
Source:
Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention
Author(s):

Steven C. Moore

Charles E. Matthews

Sarah Keadle

Alpa V. Patel

I-Min Lee

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0021

Current physical activity guidelines recommend that adults perform at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity physical activity (e.g., brisk walking), or 75 minutes per week of vigorous-intensity activity (e.g., jogging), or an equivalent combination of these. In the United States and worldwide, many adults fail to meet these recommended activity levels, with deleterious consequences for health, including increased risk of some cancers. This chapter reviews the epidemiologic evidence for links between physical activity and cancer, emphasizing published meta-analyses and the results of a recent large consortium-based study. The authors find the evidence to be convincing that physical activity reduces risk of colon and female breast cancers, and probable that it reduces risk of kidney and endometrial cancers. Moreover, physical activity has been associated with lower risk of cancers of the bladder, liver, gastric cardia, head and neck, esophagus (adenocarcinoma), and myeloma, myeloid leukemia, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Keywords:   physical activity, cancer, colon, breast, kidney, endometrial

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