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Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention$
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Michael Thun, Martha S. Linet, James R. Cerhan, Christopher A. Haiman, and David Schottenfeld

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190238667

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190238667.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 October 2021

The Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas

The Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas

(p.767) 40 The Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas
Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

James R. Cerhan

Claire M. Vajdic

John J. Spinelli

Oxford University Press

The non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) are a heterogeneous group of over forty lymphoid neoplasms that have undergone a major redefinition over the last twenty-five years, in part due to advances in immunology and genetics as well as implementation of the WHO classification system. NHLs are considered clonal tumors of B-cells, T-cells, or natural killer (NK) cells arrested at various stages of differentiation, regardless of whether they present in the blood (lymphoid leukemia) or lymphoid tissues (lymphoma). In the United States, the age-standardized NHL incidence rate (per 100,000) doubled from 1973 (10.2) to 2004 (21.4) and then stabilized, while five-year relative survival rates improved from 42% in 1973 to 70% in 2004. Established risk factors for NHL or specific NHL subtypes include infectious agents (HTLV-1, HIV, EBV, HHV8, HCV, H. pylori), immune dysregulation (primary immunodeficiency, transplantation, autoimmunity, and immunosuppressive drugs), family history of lymphoma, and common genetic variants identified by genome-wide association studies.

Keywords:   non-Hodgkin lymphoma, B-cell, T-cell, natural killer cell, lymphoid leukemia, lymphoma, immunodeficiency

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