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Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention$
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Michael Thun, Martha S. Linet, James R. Cerhan, Christopher A. Haiman, and David Schottenfeld

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190238667

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190238667.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 October 2021

Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer

(p.1019) 54 Testicular Cancer
Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Katherine A. McGlynn

Ewa Rajpert-De Meyts

Andreas Stang

Oxford University Press

Testicular cancer is a rare cancer in the general population, but is the most common neoplasm among young men in many countries. It has one of the highest heritabilities of all cancer types. The vast majority of testicular cancers are germ cell tumors; thus the terms “testicular cancer” and “testicular germ cell tumors” (TGCTs) are often used interchangeably. Globally, the incidence of testicular cancer is highest among men of European ancestry and lowest among men of African and Asian ancestries. Incidence rates have been increasing in many countries since at least the mid-twentieth century. Mortality rates, however, have sharply declined in developed countries. While the reason for the decline in mortality rates is well known, reasons for the increase in incidence remain poorly understood. Accumulating evidence supports the hypothesis that most TGCTs are linked to disturbed development of the testes, beginning in utero, but fostered by postnatal events.

Keywords:   testicular cancer, testicular germ cell tumors, heritability, mortality rate, in utero

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