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Agents of GodBoundaries and Authority in Muslim and Christian Schools$
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Jeffrey Guhin

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780190244743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190244743.001.0001

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Differently Differentiating Gender

Differently Differentiating Gender

(p.61) Chapter 3 Differently Differentiating Gender
Agents of God

Jeffrey Guhin

Oxford University Press

Both the Christian and Muslim schools emphasize their boundary from the outside world through their performance of gender. For the Muslim schools, the difference was rooted in actual physical activity, especially how males and females separated from each other, while for the Christian schools, the difference was rooted primarily in what people—especially women—said about their actions. Evangelicals’ history of proclamation means their boundaries take on a different character, formed by opposition to ideas as itself a key practice, over and above the more explicitly bodily practices of gender and sexuality. In contrast, there is more interpretive flexibility for Muslims about gender-related practices. The hijab and gender separation can serve an important double function: they can simultaneously allow patriarchs to believe they are maintaining male dominance while allowing others to believe Muslim women are maintaining these practices for entirely different reasons.

Keywords:   gender, religion and gender, hijab, clothing, gender separation, complementarianism, American Muslims, American Evangelicals, patriarchy

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