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Agents of GodBoundaries and Authority in Muslim and Christian Schools$
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Jeffrey Guhin

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780190244743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190244743.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 March 2021

Science as External Authority

Science as External Authority

(p.171) Chapter 7 Science as External Authority
Agents of God

Jeffrey Guhin

Oxford University Press

All four schools denied the theory of evolution, distinguishing between neutral and praiseworthy “science” and atheist scientists who “preached” evolution. People in the schools liked science itself, and understood it as a kind of actor, authorizing certain practices and forms of knowledge. Unlike scripture and prayer, science was an authority largely shared with the secular world, and it gained its power through a more complex network of authorizing practices and arguments, seen most clearly in the roles of teachers and tests created by secular entities. To hold to creationist science was to situate oneself within this network of various kinds of scientific claims and authorities, attempting to leverage certain authorities against others. Perhaps ironically, it was in disagreeing with the scientific theory of evolution that science—or what they thought of as science—became most obviously an agent capable of action in the world.

Keywords:   authority, science, science studies, science and religion, evolutionism, creationism, religious schools, American Muslims, American Evangelicals

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