Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
100 Years of the Nineteenth AmendmentAn Appraisal of Women's Political Activism$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Holly J. McCammon and Lee Ann Banaszak

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190265144

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190265144.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 October 2021

What’s Happened to the Gender Gap in Political Participation?

What’s Happened to the Gender Gap in Political Participation?

How Might We Explain It?

(p.69) 4 What’s Happened to the Gender Gap in Political Participation?
100 Years of the Nineteenth Amendment

Nancy Burns

Kay Lehman Schlozman

Ashley Jardina

Shauna Shames

Sidney Verba

Oxford University Press

At some point in the middle of the first decade of the twenty-first century, a stubbornly persistent gender gap in US political activity more or less vanished, fulfilling one part of the aspiration of women’s suffrage. This chapter asks why, seeking answers both in changes that have nothing to do with politics and in politics itself. As is typical when considering political participation, our account involves the interaction of several processes rather than a single cause. The most important transformation has been the increase in women’s education: women are now more likely than men to earn college and graduate degrees. In addition, a striking increase has taken place in the presence of women as high-profile and successful office seekers, especially since 1992. During a critical period in the 1990s, an influx of female candidates and elected officials appears to have kept the gender gap in participation from being even wider.

Keywords:   political participation, education, labor force participation, electoral interest, elected officials, gender gap, descriptive representation

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .