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Human Performance OptimizationThe Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities$
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Michael D. Matthews and David M. Schnyer

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190455132

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190455132.001.0001

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Strategies to Improve Learning and Retention During Training

Strategies to Improve Learning and Retention During Training

(p.302) 14 Strategies to Improve Learning and Retention During Training
Human Performance Optimization

Henry L. Roediger

John F. Nestojko

Nicole S. Smith

Oxford University Press

Training is one of the most critical operations of every organization, particularly training of personnel who protect or save lives. Although training is meant to last in all settings, in these high-stakes settings the people who are trained must retain their knowledge and skills and be able to apply those skills across novel situations. Yet training often misses these crucial targets. Here we review evidence from cognitive psychology for durable, flexible learning produced by three principles of training: retrieval practice, distributed practice, and interleaved practice. The authors recommend (with evidence and suggestions) these three key principles as critical tools for training in operational settings, with a focus on military training. These scientifically backed techniques apply broadly across many educational and training settings and, when used appropriately, lead to durable and flexible knowledge and skills.

Keywords:   retrieval practice, testing, spacing, interleaving, training

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