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Human Performance OptimizationThe Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities$
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Michael D. Matthews and David M. Schnyer

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190455132

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190455132.001.0001

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Molecular and Cellular Aspects of Major Depressive Disorder

Molecular and Cellular Aspects of Major Depressive Disorder

Chapter:
(p.62) 4 Molecular and Cellular Aspects of Major Depressive Disorder
Source:
Human Performance Optimization
Author(s):

Revathy U. Chottekalapanda

Paul Greengard

Yotam Sagi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0004

Major depressive disorder (MDD) affects more than 20 million people in the United States. Depression is comorbid with other psychiatric disorders and can increase risks of drug and alcohol abuse and suicide. Available antidepressants have limited efficacy and new therapeutic targets are needed. MDD and antidepressant responses are mediated via neurotransmitter signaling mechanisms and inflammatory responses involving an integrated network of limbic brain regions that include hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and nucleus accumbens. Although this limbic circuit is broadly described, researchers do not understand how the properties of neurons within the circuit are altered in depression. The authors present the regulation of the p11 signaling module in this circuit, describe the diagnostic aspects of p11 function, and lay out a cellular and molecular framework for the understanding of MDD and the development of novel antidepressant therapies.

Keywords:   major depressive disorder, antidepressant efficacy, S100a10 (p11), biomarker, inflammation

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