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Human Performance OptimizationThe Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities$
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Michael D. Matthews and David M. Schnyer

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190455132

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190455132.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 December 2020

Neuroprosthetics for Human Performance Optimization

Neuroprosthetics for Human Performance Optimization

Chapter:
(p.165) 8 Neuroprosthetics for Human Performance Optimization
Source:
Human Performance Optimization
Author(s):

Yin-Jui Chang

Gautam Krishna

Benito R. Fernández

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0008

Neuroprosthetics is a novel bioengineering technology able not only to replace or assist the damaged neurons but also to enhance the function of the neurons with external electrical circuitry. It may allow patients with a neurological disorder to retain some of their normal function. Cochlear implants that induced deaf patients to “re-hear” and visual prostheses that assisted blind patients to “re-see” are both successful cases. Moreover, augmentation of cognition such as attention, (working) memory, creative thinking, and more can be carried out through stimulation techniques. In recent years, brain chip implants have been proposed as the next-generation technologies that can achieve the whole neuroprosthetic system in a tiny chip implanted into the human brain. Such a breakthrough is expected to mitigate neurological impediments, restore lost functions, and even optimize human performance.

Keywords:   neuroprosthetics, brain–computer interfaces, neural interface, implants, stimulation

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