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Building Cultures and Climates for Effective Human ServicesUnderstanding and Improving Organizational Social Contexts with the ARC mode$
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Anthony L. Hemmelgarn and Charles Glisson

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190455286

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190455286.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 September 2021

The Role of Mental Models in Organizational Change

The Role of Mental Models in Organizational Change

(p.93) 8 The Role of Mental Models in Organizational Change
Building Cultures and Climates for Effective Human Services

Anthony L. Hemmelgarn

Charles Glisson

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes ARC’s third strategy of employing mental models. This strategy fosters reasoning and thinking that reinforces the use of ARC’s organizational components and that maintains alignment with ARC’s five principles of effective service organizations. Reasoning and thinking are reflected in the mental representations of work experiences service providers hold, and these mental models guide priorities followed when providing services. Case examples are provided to illustrate work with mental models to influence organizational members’ thinking, reasoning, and subsequent actions to improve service quality and outcomes. This chapter reviews the empirical evidence for mental models, including research from social cognition and neuroscience. The description of this strategy highlights several activities and techniques used to explore and alter mental models. These activities foster examination of implicit assumptions and beliefs that help drive reasoning and thinking toward or away from ARC’s key organizational principles, tools, and desired OSCs.

Keywords:   mental models, implicit beliefs, mindsets, ARC, organizational priorities, service quality, organizational social contexts, implicit assumptions, alignment

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