This chapter brings Daoism into conversation with Islam on the topics of animals, gardens, and stewardship. Despite major differences—Islam is theistic and Daoism is not; Islam defines specific moral rules and Daoism less so—the two share areas of affinity in a number of themes relating to the environment: that the world manifests balance or harmony, and humans have an obligation to maintain or restore that harmony, especially in treatment of animals. The chapter lights on a revised concept of stewardship as a useful, helpfully paradoxical concept: it effectively places human beings both within the living world of nature and in a role of “special responsibility” for other-than-human lives and living systems.
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