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The Internet Revolution in the Sciences and Humanities$
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Alan G. Gross and Joseph E. Harmon

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190465926

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190465926.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 September 2021

Overcoming the Obstacles to Internet Exploitation

Overcoming the Obstacles to Internet Exploitation

(p.188) 7 Overcoming the Obstacles to Internet Exploitation
The Internet Revolution in the Sciences and Humanities

Alan G. Gross

Joseph E. Harmon

Oxford University Press

The Internet presents an opportunity for the sciences and humanities to transform the generation, communication, and evaluation of new knowledge. Indeed, the elite scientific journals are already reinventing the traditional research article via the Internet. Its methods are being communicated by a combination of video demonstration and verbal description, its gist, not only by verbal, but by visual abstracts, video abstracts, summaries for the general reader, and podcasts. Its contents take advantage of the computer screen; its results are communicated by multicomponent computer-generated images in color, videos of events in the laboratory or simulations of the natural world, graphs that automatically turn into tables and vice versa, maps displayed so that the viewer can zoom in and out, and 3D interactive images. Links are sending readers to a wealth of supplementary material: data, images, related readings. Community response to articles is being captured in new ways. Innovative processes for the evaluation of proposed new knowledge, before and after publication, are being developed and adopted. Upon publication and even before, articles and the data in them are becoming part of virtual archives that give new meaning to “body of knowledge.” See Video 7.1 [ ]. Researchers are inviting commentary from the professional community as their data are generated; they are posting data and images online that others are free to use—with appropriate attribution, of course. Enthusiastic amateurs or the simply curious in large numbers are once again able to actively participate in scientific research projects. For the humanities, the Internet is no less promising. Film scholars are interposing film clips in their critique of classic films. Historians are including videos of historical events or computerized recreations, as well as reproductions of key documents of historical interest such as court testimony and reproductions of handwritten letters. Art and architectural historians are displaying interactive 3D reconstructions of sculptures and buildings and historical sites.

Keywords:   Altruism, Bayh-Dole, Commons, Digitization, Fair use, File sharing, Gated access, Link rot, Modern Language Association, Online journals, Open Humanities Press

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