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Ceremony and Civility – Civic Culture in Late Medieval London - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Ceremony and Civility: Civic Culture in Late Medieval London

Barbara A. Hanawalt


London’s civic ceremonies marked the relationships between the mayors and the crown, but also between denizens and their government, gild wardens and members, masters and apprentices, and parishioners and their church. London, like all premodern cities, was made up of immigrants. The number of people who were citizens (who enjoyed the “freedom of the city”) was a small proportion of the inhabitants. The newly arrived had to be taught the civic culture of the city so that the city could function peacefully. Ritual and ceremony played a key role in the acculturation process. In a society in whic ... More

Keywords: London, civic ceremonial, ritual, gild wardens, apprentices, immigrants, oaths, inauguration, humiliation rituals, citizenship

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780190490393
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190490393.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Barbara A. Hanawalt, author
King George III Professor of British History Emerita, Ohio State University