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Beyond OriginsRethinking Founding in a Time of Constitutional Democracy$
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Angelica Maria Bernal

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190494223

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190494223.001.0001

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The Promise and Perils of Presidential Refounding in Latin America

The Promise and Perils of Presidential Refounding in Latin America

(p.132) Chapter 5 The Promise and Perils of Presidential Refounding in Latin America
Beyond Origins

Angélica Maria Bernal

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the politics of presidential refounding in Latin America. While the rise of Venezuela’s Hugo Chávez, Bolivia’s Evo Morales, and Ecuador’s Rafael Correa appeared to herald the return of radical populism in Latin America, what remained less examined is the wave of refoundational constitution making that these leaders set into motion. Shifting the lens of analysis from populism to refoundational constitution making, the chapter engages with the issue of how we can determine the democratic legitimacy of refoundational claims and constituent processes set into motion by these presidents, given their complex roles as key agents of refounding while also simultaneously appealing to “the people” and invoking participatory constitution making to authorize and enact such constituent change.

Keywords:   Latin America, refounding, constitutionalism, constitution making, constitutional democracy, populism, constituent power, presidential politics

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