In this chapter, I offer critique of development diplomacy in Bin Tepe, the cemetery of Lydian kings and Turkey’s largest tumulus burial zone. The programs of the TVA, Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and USAID promoted individual identity and sovereignty through private landownership that eventually led to entrepreneurship in organic agriculture. These organic fields are located in Bin Tepe. I juxtapose heritage policies and international recognition of cultural and natural heritage for Bin Tepe and the Marmara Lake Basin with those of the EU and the robust organic agricultural lobby in Turkey. This analysis shows that tacit approval for organic olives, building on the legacies of US water diplomacy, directly contributed to the erasure of archaeological data. Today the quagmire of organic agriculture versus cultural heritage presents a nexus of tensions that demonstrate the need for long-term planning and harmonization of regional, national, and international policies of development and management.
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