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Affective Determinants of Health Behavior$
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David M. Williams, Ryan E. Rhodes, and Mark T. Conner

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190499037

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190499037.001.0001

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Affect as a Potential Determinant of Physical Activity and Exercise

Affect as a Potential Determinant of Physical Activity and Exercise

Critical Appraisal of an Emerging Research Field

Chapter:
(p.237) 11 Affect as a Potential Determinant of Physical Activity and Exercise
Source:
Affective Determinants of Health Behavior
Author(s):

Panteleimon Ekkekakis

Zachary Zenko

Matthew A. Ladwig

Mark E. Hartman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190499037.003.0011

The promotion of physical activity and exercise has been a persistently challenging problem for industrialized societies. Traditionally, these behaviors have been conceptualized as resulting from the rational processing of information (e.g., regarding anticipated benefits, personal capabilities, sources of support). Therefore, attempts to change these behaviors have relied on the provision of information. The persistent failure to account for substantial portions of behavioral variance or raise physical activity and exercise behavior in a sustainable manner is forcing researchers to expand their theoretical perspective. Thus, emerging dual-process conceptualizations postulate that, besides an information-based pathway, physical activity and exercise may be influenced by affect, such as the energy and tiredness felt in daily life, or the pleasure and displeasure responses to past exercise. This chapter highlights potential conceptual and methodological pitfalls in this emerging line of research and summarizes the promising results of early correlational and experimental studies.

Keywords:   cognitivism, rationality, affective attitude, affective judgment, anticipated affect, affective response, paradigm

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