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Affective Determinants of Health Behavior$
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David M. Williams, Ryan E. Rhodes, and Mark T. Conner

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190499037

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190499037.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 June 2021

The Role of Negative Affect in the Course of Substance Use Disorders

The Role of Negative Affect in the Course of Substance Use Disorders

(p.313) 14 The Role of Negative Affect in the Course of Substance Use Disorders
Affective Determinants of Health Behavior

Elizabeth D. Reese

Jennifer Y. Yi

Ryan P. Bell

Stacey B. Daughters

Oxford University Press

Negative affect (NA) plays a prominent role in theoretical models characterizing the course of substance use disorders and is thus considered a central mechanism contributing to maintenance of symptoms and increased risk for relapse. This chapter overviews theoretical models of substance use, highlighting the impact of NA within the addiction cycle. In this context, it examines the evidence linking NA to substance use disorder (SUD) development, maintenance, and relapse, highlighting the association between NA and addiction-specific processes including withdrawal and craving. It concludes with a discussion of current substance use treatment approaches that target NA, including promising new pharmacological and neurobiological treatments.

Keywords:   negative affect, substance use, relapse, treatment, addiction

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