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Affective Determinants of Health Behavior$
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David M. Williams, Ryan E. Rhodes, and Mark T. Conner

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190499037

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190499037.001.0001

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Affect, Dual-Processing, Developmental Psychopathology, and Health Behaviors

Affect, Dual-Processing, Developmental Psychopathology, and Health Behaviors

Chapter:
(p.158) 8 Affect, Dual-Processing, Developmental Psychopathology, and Health Behaviors
Source:
Affective Determinants of Health Behavior
Author(s):

Reinout W. Wiers

Kristen G. Anderson

Bram Van Bockstaele

Elske Salemink

Bernhard Hommel

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190499037.003.0008

This chapter discusses dual-process models of (health) behaviors, regarding both their recent criticisms and implications for health interventions. It agrees with critics that impulsive and reflective processes should not be equated with specific brain processes, but that psychological processes are emergent properties of the dynamic unfolding interplay between different neural systems. It maintains that at a psychological level of description, these models can still be useful to understand challenges to health behaviors and possible interventions. Affective processes can influence impulsive decision-making in health, but also reflective processes, when they concern affectively relevant goals. Cognitive training methods, including cognitive bias modification and training of executive control, have shown some success in changing health behaviors, but a critical variable for long-term success appears to be motivation to change.

Keywords:   dual process model, affect, health, development, cognitive bias, modification

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