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Israeli National SecurityA New Strategy for an Era of Change$
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Charles D. Freilich

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190602932

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190602932.001.0001

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The Changing Military Threat

The Changing Military Threat

(p.62) 3 The Changing Military Threat
Israeli National Security

Charles D. Freilich

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 argues that the military threat Israel faces has changed dramatically. Attacks by Arab armies are now the least likely, and the overall threat has diminished. Israel’s conventional superiority led its adversaries to adopt a decades-long strategy of attrition designed to lead to Israel’s collapse. Iran is the most sophisticated adversary Israel has ever faced, its ongoing nuclear program the greatest threat. Hezbollah’s rockets are the primary immediate threat. Iran, Hezbollah, and Syria now constitute one joint front. They and Hamas believe that the home front is Israel’s Achilles heel, which allows them to offset its military superiority, and it has become the primary battlefield, leading to wars of mutual deterrence and destruction. Hamas’s Gaza is the embodiment of Israel’s fears of a Palestinian state. Terrorism is a strategic threat, swaying elections and negotiations. A large regional conventional buildup is underway. Cyberattacks now pose one of the greatest threats.

Keywords:   Israel, national security, military, asymmetric, terrorism, nuclear, cyber, Hezbollah, Hamas, Palestinians

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